There are so many people who are suffering daily as a result of taking contaminated water. The number of people affected from this is on the rise due to increased human activities that pollute the environment leading to water contamination. Human waste which is not correctly disposed of mostly ends up in water sources leading to water contamination. Establishment of more industries also causes water pollution since most of the chemicals and waste from the industries is drained to the rivers. At times you may find that the water gets contaminated from the main source or through the water distribution system.
Cholera is commonly caused by taking water that is contaminated which is not safe for drinking or cooking. Cholera is caused by bacteria which commonly thrive in contaminated water and food. Cholera symptoms are experienced within a few hours after taking the infected food or water. Urgent care is required to treat cholera since it causes dehydration from excessive vomiting and diarrhea. The bacteria affect the small intestines leading to abdominal pain and nausea.
The other major health hazard caused by contaminated water is diarrhea. It’s simple to know when suffering from diarrhea by regularly passing loose stool than usual in a day. in most instances, the bacteria causing diarrhea found in contaminated water infests the intestines. Other than drinking contaminated water lack or observing safety precautions while preparing food can cause diarrhea. Diarrhea causes loss of fluids leading to dehydration which is the common cause of death to people who are not treated of diarrhea. Diarrhea can last a day or even several days depending on the type and also if it’s untreated.
Typhoid fever is another health hazard caused by water contamination. Typhoid requires immediate medical care to recover fully and fast. Diarrhea, fever and abdominal pains are the common signs or typhoid fever.
Food poisoning commonly referred, in medical terms, as gastroenteritis is also another health hazard as a result of contaminated water. Food poisoning is characterized by extreme pain in the abdomen, headache, high body temperatures and also diarrhea. The main cause of this is when people fail to observe proper food health and safety while preparing the food.
All these named effects of water contamination can be treated by ensuring that you use and drink clean water. There are various methods used in water purification this page which are done in high scale or which can be used at home or hotels. At home it recommendable if you do not have access to purified drinking water to boil water before drinking. Some of the chemicals this page in polluted water are not removed by boiling the water but through the purification process, hence, opt for water purification method to be on the safe side.